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pink Bindweed

Bindweed – Hedge Bindweed, Morning Glory (Calystegia sepium)

Flowers: July-September. Trumpet-shaped, 3-7 cm diameter, white, or pale pink with white stripes.

Leaves: pale matt green, simple, pointed at the tip and arrowhead shaped, 5-10 cm long and 3-7 cm broad, arranged spirally.

Height: 2-4 m

 

white Bindweed

Red Clover

Clover - Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Flowers: May-September, dark pink with a paler base, 12–15 mm long, produced in a dense inflorescence. Seeds ripen from July-October.

Leaves: alternate, trifoliate, each leaflet 15–30 mm long and 8–15 mm broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf.

Height: 20–80 cm

 

Cuckoo Pint cowl opening

open Cuckoo Pint

Cuckoo Pint/Lords and Ladies (Arum maculatum)

Flowers: April-May. From among the leaves, arises a tall slender cowl which opens on one side to reveal a slender purple spike or spadix with tiny spidery ring of flowers hidden at the base. This forms a clump of bright orange berries in the autumn.

Leaves: Large, glossy, arrow-shaped and may have black/purple spots.

Height: Up to 0.5 m

POISONOUS

Cuckoo Pint leaf

green Cuckoo Pint berries

Cuckoo Pint spadix
Cuckoo Pint spadix close-up
Cuckoo Pint berries turning green-orange
red Cuckoo Pint berries

Cut-leaved Geranium

Cut-leaved Geranium (Geranium Dissectum)

Flowers: May-September, purplish-pink on 15 mm stems.

Leaves: Divided almost to the base.

Height: 50 cm



 

Herb Robert

Herb Robert/ Red Robin/Death come quickly/Storksbill/Dove's Foot/Crow's Foot (Geranium robertianum)

Flowers: small, pink, five-petalled flowers (about 1 cm in diameter) from April until autumn.

Leaves: fern-like turning red at the end of the flowering season.

Height: stems 0.1-0.5 m and often reddish.

Herb Robert flower

Hedge Woundwort

Hedge Woundwort/Hedge Nettle/Allheal (Stachys Sylvatica)

Flowers: June to October, dark reddish purple covered in white blotches and arranged in whorls.

Leaves: nettle-like, opposite, stalked, dark green, shaped like an elongated heart and with toothed edges.

Height: 1.2m, square stem, covered in rough hair and with a pungent smell when crushed.

Bees are the main pollinators. Bronze shield-bugs feed on it.

Hedge Woundwort 2

hedge woundwort close up

Black Knapweed

Knapweed - Black Knapweed/Common Knapweed/Hardhead (Centaurea nigra)

Flowers: July-September. The inflorescence contains a few flower heads, each a hemisphere of black or brown bristly whorls of bracts. The head bears many small bright purple flowers (sometimes yellow or white). The fruit is 2 or 3 mm long, tan and hairy.

Leaves: 25 cm long, usually deeply lobed, and hairy. The lower leaves are stalked, whilst the upper ones are stalkless.

Height: Up to 1 m.

Loved by Goldfinches, Honey Bees and butterflies including Gatekeeper, Meadow Brown, Painted Lady, Peacock, Red Admiral, Small Copper, Small Skipper and Large Skipper, all of which have been seen on the Ridge.

Black Knapweed flower
Musk Mallow

Musk Mallow (Malva moschata)

Flowers: July-August, 3.2-5 cm diameter with five bright pink petals produced in clusters in the leaf axils. Musky odour. Fruit is 3-6 mm diameter and disc-shaped containing 10–16 seeds.

Leaves: alternate, 2–8 cm long/ 2–8 cm broad, palmately lobed with five to seven lobes; basal leaves on lower stem very shallowly lobed, those higher up deeply divided, with narrow, acuminate lobes.

Height: 80 cm tall, with hairy stems and foliage.

Musk Mallow close-up

Common Spotted Orchid

Orchid - Common Spotted Orchid (Dactylorhiza fuchsii)

Flowers: June-August. Spike conical becoming cylindrical, colour varyies from white to pale purple with purple spots, a symmetrical pattern of dark purple loops or dots and dashes. Three lobed lip, the middle lobe being more than half as large as a lateral lobe.

Leaves: often dark-spotted, narrow lanceolate, keeled.

Height: 15-60 cm

Attracts day-flying moths.

Common Spotted Orchid close-up
Southern Marsh Orchid

Orchid - Pond Orchid/Southern Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza praetermissa)

Flowers: June-July. Conical flower spike, 5-10 cm long, bearing 100 or more pale pink to dark magenta flowers. Each flower has a broad gently rounded lip, 9-14 mm across.

Leaves: 10 to 20 cm long, flat and usually unspotted.

Height: 30-50 cm though can reach 70 cm.

Southern Marsh orchids Southern Marsh Orchid close-up
Creeping Thistle

Thistle - Creeping Thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Flowers: Pink-purple. 10–22 mm diameter. All the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets).

Leaves: Very spiny and lobed. Up to 15–20 cm long x 2–3 cm wide.

Height: 0.9 m tall by 1 m. Stems green and smooth.

This one was being enjoyed by a Marbled White butterfly.

Creeping Thistle close-up

Creeping Thistle leaves
Marsh Thistle

Thistle - Marsh Thistle (Cirsium palustre)

Flowers: June-September. A mature plant has a tall stem with many branches at the top bearing a candelabra of dark purple flowers with purple-tipped bracts.

Leaves: A young plant has a dense rosette with narrow, entire leaves with spiny, dark purple edges; the mature leaves are larger and lobed.

Height: Up to 2 m. Stems covered in small spines.

Marsh Thistle leaves
Common Vetch

Vetch - Common Vetch (Vicia sativa)

Flowers: pealike occurring in the leaf axils, solitary or in clusters of up to three. Flower corolla 1-3 cm long. Whitish to bluish to red or bright pink-purple.

Fruit: Pod up to 6 or 7 cm long. Hairy when new and smooth later, contains up to 12 seeds.

Leaves: each made up of a few
pairs of linear, lance-shaped, oblong, or wedge-shaped, needle-tipped leaflets up to 3.5 cm long.

Height: Up to 2 m hollow, four-sided, hairless to hairy stems.

Common Vetch close-up
Bush Vetch

Vetch - Bush Vetch (Vicia sepium)

Flowers: May - August, blue - purple 12-15 mm long in groups of 2-6.

Leaves: made up of 5-9 pairs of leaflets, with the leaf stem ending in branched tendrils used to curl around surrounding plants for support.

Height: up to 100 cm climbing on hedges and bushes.

The plant is hairless whereas Common Vetch is slightly hairy.

Bush Vetch
 

Vetch - Tufted Vetch (Vicia cracca)

Flowers: July - September, bluish violet, 10-12mm in a one sided, long stalked raceme.

Leaves: alternate, short-stalked-stalkless, with pinnate blades in 6-12 pairs and the terminal leaflet modified into a tendril.

Height: 60-100 cm.

 

Vetchling - Gasss Vetchling (Lathyrus nissolia)

Flowers: May - July, crimson-pink, singly or in pairs on long stalks.

Leaves: Long, narrow, grasslike.

Height: up to 90 cm, erect with angled stem.

Vipers Bugloss (Echium vulgare)

Flowers: May and September, 15-20 mm. Start pink and turn vivid blue in a branched spike, with all the stamens protruding. The pollen is blue but the filaments of the stamens remain red.

Leaves: lanceolate, rough and hairy.

Height: 30-80 cm.

 

 

Wild rose bush

Wild Rose

Flowers: an attractive burst of lightly scented pink or white flowers in summer, followed by bright red hips on prickly stems.

Height: 400 cm.

wild rose close-up
Wild Onion

Wild Onion (Allium vineale nigra)

Flowers: June- August, none to a few 2-5 mm long, six petals varying from pink to red or greenish-white.

Leaves: 2-4 which are slender hollow tubes 15-60 cm long and 2-4 mm thick, waxy textured, with a groove along the side of the leaf facing the stem.

Height: 30-120 cm.


Rosebay Willowherb

Willowherb - Rosebay Willowherb (Epilobium angustifolium)

Flowers: Magenta to pink. Radially symmetrical with four petals, 2 to 3 cm in diameter. Each reddish-brown linear seed capsule bears about 300 to 400 – c 80,000 per plant. The seeds have silky hairs which aid wind dispersal.

Leaves: Lanceolate, and pinnately veined. Leaf veins are circular loops and join together inside the outer leaf margins rather than terminating on the edges of the leaf.

Height: 0.5–2.5 m.

Rosebay Willowherb close-up
Great Hairy Willowherb

Willowherb – Great Hairy Willowherb (Epilobium hirsutum)

Flowers: Purple to pink with 4 large notched petals. Stigma is white with 4 lobes.

Leaves: Long and thin (2-12 cm x 5-3.5 cm wide). Widest below the middle. Sharply-toothed edges and no stalk.

Height: Up to 2 m with robust, branched hairy stems.

Great Hairy Willowherb close-up

Woody Nightshade berries

Woody Nightshade/Bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara)

Flowers: loose clusters of 3–20, 1–1.5 cm across, star-shaped, with five purple petals and yellow stamens and style pointing forward. Photo to be taken.

Fruit: ovoid red berry about 1 cm long, soft and juicy, looks and smells like a tiny tomato. Edible for some birds.

Leaves: 4–12 cm long, roughly arrowhead-shaped, and often lobed at the base.

Height: This perennial vine which scrambles over other plants, capable of reaching a height of 4 m but more often 1–2 m high.

BERRIES AND FOLIAGE POISONOUS TO HUMANS.

Woody Nightshade leaves