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Ladies Bedstraw

Bedstraw - Ladies Bedstraw, Yellow Bedstraw (Galium verum)

Flowers: July-August, 2-3mm in dense yellow clusters.

Leaves: 1–3 cm long and 2 mm (0.079 in) broad in whorls of 8–12, shiny dark green, underside hairy.


Height: 60–120 cm

Ladies Bedstraw close-up

Birdsfoot Trefoil flowers

Birdsfoot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)

Flowers: June-September which develop into small pea-like pods.


Leaves: five leaflets, with the central three higher than the others.


Height: 5–20 cm with stems up to 50 cm.

Birdsfoot Trevoil leaves

Black Bryony (Tamus communis)

Flowers: Tiny lime-green 6-petalled flowers from May to July. Male flowers are in pairs in long racemes along the twining stems and female flowers in bunches at the junction of a pair of leaves.

Seeds: develop into green berries which ripen to red from September to Novmber.

Leaves: Glossy, ace of spade shaped leaves on very dark, almost black, stems which twine clockwise up any support.

POISONOUS BERRIES

Black Medic, Black Hay, Black Nonsuch, Blackweed (Lupulina Medicago)

Flowers: April-October. Small and yellow grouped in tight bunches. Produces a kidney-shaped, black pod, 2-3 mm long and hairy containing one seed.

Leaves: three - carried by a long petiole with oval leaflets, partially toothed towards the tip.

Height: 15-60 cm

 

Creeping Buttercup flowers

Buttercup - Creeping Buttercup/Creeping Crowfoot/Sitfast (Ranunculus repens)

Flowers: bright golden yellow, 2–3 cm diameter, usually with five petals.

Leaves: basal leaves divided into three broad leaflets 1.5–8 cm long, shallowly to deeply lobed, borne on a 4–20 cm long petiole; leaves higher on the stems are smaller, with narrower leaflets.

Height: 50 cm tall. Prostrate running stems, and virtually erect flowering stems with fine hairs.

Prefers wet soil.


Creeping Buttercup leaves
Meadow Buttercup flower

Buttercup - Meadow Buttercup/Tall Buttercup/Giant Buttercup (Ranunculus acris)

Flowers: May-July, bright yellow, five petals.

Leaves: Softly hairy and at the base grow on long stalks, are divided deeply into 3 to 7 coarsely lobed segments that radiate from a common point.

Upper leaves are smaller with fewer lobes and teeth.

Height: Up to 1 m, hairy, hollow, leafy below and branched above.

Meadow Buttercups

Meadow Buttercup leaf

Lesser Celandine

Celandine - Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)

Flowers: February-May, 7-12 shiny yellow petals.

Leaves: Fleshy dark green, heart-shaped.

Height: Low growing.


Common Agrimony flowers

Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)

Flowers: June to September, in long spikes. A single flower has an urn-shaped curved flower cup, with several rows of soft, curved hook-shaped bristles on the upper. There are 5 stamens and 5 yellow, rounded petals.

Leaves: Pinnate with serrated edges.


Height: Up to 100 cm.

The flowers have an abundant pollen supply and attract hoverflies, flies and honey bees.

Common Agrimony leaves
Common Rock-rose

Common Rock-rose (Helianthemum nummularium)

Flowers: May-July.

Leaves: Oval untoothed, white-woolly on the underside.

Height: Creeping, prostrate, 5-30cm.

A good source of nectar for bees, several small beetles feed on the foliage. Food plant for the larvae of several species of moth and butterfly.

Cowslip plant

Cowslip (Primula Veris)

Flowers: Deep yellow in spring, in clusters of 10-30 blooms on a single stem. Each flower is 9–15 mm broad.

Leaves: In rosette 5-15 cm long, 2-6 cm broad.

Height: 25 cm.

Cowslip flowers
Dandelion

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Flowers: March-October, yellow.

Leaves: Deeply toothed, deep green in rosettes.

Height: 5 to 40 cm but can reach 70 cm.

The name comes from the French ‘dent de lion’ meaning 'lion's tooth' referring to the leaves.

Dandelion flower close-up
Goatsbeard

Goatsbeard/Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon/Showy Goat’s-beard/Shepherd’s clock/Meadow Salsify/Oyster Plant (Tragopogon pratensis)

Flowers: Bright yellow, 3-5 cm broad which open in early morning and close up from at about midday. Seed heads similar to those of a dandelion but elliptical and larger.

Leaves: Alternate, stalkless, linear broad-based blades with tapered tip.

Height: 30-70 cm.

Goatsbeard seed head
Hop Trefoil

Hop Trefoil (Trifolium campestre)

Flowers: Each flowerhead is a cylindrical or spherical collection of 20-40 individual yellow flowers which become brown upon aging and drying. May - September.

Leaves: alternate and trifoliate, with three oblong or elliptical leaflets 4-10 mm long.

Height: 10-30 cm.

Hop Trefoil close-up
Yellow Flag Iris

Iris - Yellow Flag, Yellow Iris, Water Flag (Iris pseudacorus)

Flowers: Summer, bright yellow, 7-10 cm across.

Leaves: Erect, up to 90 cm long and 3 cm broad.

Height: 1-1.5 m.

Can be seen in and around the pond.

Yellow Flag Iris close-up
Stinging Nettle

Nettle - Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Flowers: tiny, greenish-white flowers, each with four petals and densely clustered on elongated inflorescences towards the top of the stem.

Leaves: soft, serrated and opposite each other in pairs on the stem. The leaves and the rest of the plant are coated in stinging and non-stinging hairs.

Height: 2 m.

The plant supports over 40 species of insects, including small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies.

Stinging Nettle flowers
Stinging Nettle flowers close-up
Nipplewort

Nipplewort (Lapsana communis)

Flowers: June-September, yellow.

Leaves: arranged spirally; larger leaves at the base of the flowering stem often pinnate, with large oval terminal leaflet and one to four small side leaflets, smaller leaves higher on the stem are a simple oval; all have a toothed margin.

Height: 1-1.2 m with hairy stems and clear sap.


Nipplewort flower close-up
Pineapple Weed

Pineapple Weed/Wild Chamomile/Disc Mayweed (Matricaria discoidea)

Flowers: March-September, no petals but a domed yellowish-green, slightly tapering, flower-head consisting of only disc-florets, and which smell of pineapple when crushed.

Leaves: Pinnately dissected.

Height: 5-41 cm.

Pineapple Weed close-up

Primroses

Primrose (Primula vulgaris)

Flowers: Pale yellow, white or pink 2–4 cm in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems, delicately scented.

Leaves: Basal rosette, more-or-less evergreen. 5–25 cm long and 2–6 cm broad, wrinkled, with an irregularly crenate to dentate margin.

Height: 10–30 cm.


Ragwort

Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea)

Flowers: June-November, flower heads 1.5-2.5 cm diameter borne in dense, flat-topped bright yellow clusters.

Leaves: Lobed with the end lobe being blunt,unpleasant smell.

Height: 0.3-2.0 metres erect, straight stems with no or few hairs.

Pollinated by a wide variety of insects. Cinnabar moth caterpillars have been seen on these plants on the Ridge.

Ragwort flowers close-up
Silverweed leaves

Silverweed/Traveller’s Ease/Traveller’s Joy/Goosewort/Goose Grass/Goose Tansy (Potentilla anserina)

Flowers: June-August, single yellow flower 2–3 cm broad with 5 petals.

Leaves: 7-12 pairs with terminal leaflet with coarsely serrated margins. Underside coated in a silky, silvery sheen of downy hairs.

Height: 5-15 cm with limp stem, and runners, rooting, up to 30–80 cm long.

Travellers used to put the leaves in their boots to make walking more comfortable – hence Traveller’s Joy.


Sow Thistle

Thistle - Sow Thistle/Hare’s Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus)

Flowers: May-November. Pale yellow, 20 to 25 mm, lax cluster.

Leaves: Upper leaves clasp the stem with triangular, pointed basal lobes.

Height: Short to tall greyish plant.

Sow Thistle leaves
Image of Wood Avens

Wood Avens, Herb Bennet, Colewort, St Benedict's herb (Geum urbanum)

Flowers: May-November, 1 - 2 cm in diameter, five bright yellow petals. Flowers develop into bur-like head of fruits with reddish brown hooks.

Leaves: Lower leaves pinnate with the end leaflet much larger than the rest.

Height: 20 and 60 cm.