Friends of Cock Road Ridge
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Range of Fruit Trees Growing on the Ridge

There are a number of fruit trees growing on the Ridge including apple, plum, pear and cherry. These are mostly relics left from the days when the Ridge was basically an orchard. Some have been introduced since the Friends starting looking after the area. Here's a breakdown of what can currently be found and a little bit of information on each:

EXISTING APPLE TREES ON COCK ROAD RIDGE

Bramley: Late Cooking Apple

Raised in a cottage garden in Church Street, Southwell, Nottinghamshire, by Betsy Brailsford from a seed of unknown origin between 1809 & 1813.
The original tree still survives. It received a 1st class cert from the RHS in 1883.
The most widely cropped cooking apple of all.

Laxton's Fortune: Mid Season Dessert

Raised in 1904 by Laxton’s of Bedford from Cox’s Orange Pippin X Wealthy
Received a 1st class cert from RHS in 1948.
Used to be grown commercially, but now considered too soft.

Laxton's Fortune blossom

Laxton's Fortune apples

Morgan Sweet: Early Cider Apple

Natural Home North Somerset.

Somerset Redstreak: Late Cider Apple

From Somerset.


Somerset Redstreak tree in bloom

Tydemans Early Worcester: Early Dessert

Raised in 1929 at East Malling Research Station, Maidstone Kent by Mr. H. M. Tydeman.
From Mcintosh X Worcester Pearmain.
Intoduced In 1945.


Tydemans Early Worcester apples
EXISTING APPLE TREES IN GARDENS BACKING ONTO THE RIDGE

Crimson Bramley:

A variation of Bramley but smaller.

Crimson Bramley blossom

James Grieve: Early Dessert

Raised by James Grieve of Edinburgh in 1893 from Pott’s Seedling or Cox’s
Orange Pippin.
In 1906 Received 1st Cert From RHS.

 
James Grieve blossom

King Of The Pippins: Late Dessert.

Introduced by Mr Kirke in early 1800’s of Brompton.
Was planted extensively in the past for commercial use.

Rival: Mid To Late Dual Purpose Apple

Raised by Mr. Charles Ross of Newbury.
From Peasgood Nonsuch X Cox’s Orange Pippin.
In 1900 Received Award Of Merit From RHS.


Worcester Pearmain: Early Mid Season

Raised by Mr. Hale of Swanpool near Worcester, possibly a seedling from
Devonshire Quarrendon.
In 1875 received 1st Class Cert From RHS.

 

RECENT AND NEW APPLE PLANTINGS AND GRAFTINGS ON THE RIDGE

Annie Elizabeth: Sweet cooker which retains its shape when cooked. Ready for eating from late October to early November and keeps well, possibly until late March

Raised as a seedling by Harrisons & Sons of Leicester in the Victorian era. Received 1st Class Cert from RHS in 1869.
 

Ashmeads Kernel: Late Dessert

Raised by Dr. Ashmead in his Gloucester Garden about 1700.
Received 1st Class Cert from RHS in 1981.

 

 
Ashmeads Kernel blossom

Beauty of Bath: Early Dessert

Introduced from Bath, Somerset, in the late 19th Century.

 
 

Blenheim Orange: Excellent cooker which produces a fine puree.

The original kernel was planted by a tailor named George Kempster. The apple was known locally as Dempster's Pippin, and was later crossed with Ribston Pippin to produce Cox's Orange pippin. This apple has a greenish-yellow to orange skin streaked with red and has a nutty flavour.
It received the Banksian Silver Medal in 1820.

Blenheim Orange Blossom

Cox's Orange Pippin: Late Dessert

Raised from Pips of Ribston Pippin about 1825 at Colnbrook Lawn near Slough, by Richard CoX A retired brewer from Bermondsey.
Introduced about 1850 and 1st Class Cert from RHS in 1962.

Dabinette: Late Cider

Found growing in the wild by William Dabinett probably in the early 1900s, in a hedge at Middle Lambrook, South Petherton, Somerset. Used by The Tricky Cider Co, Thatchers and Sheppy's for a single variety cider.

 

Egremont Russet: Late Dessert which is crisp and nutty

Believed to have been raised by the Earl of Egremont at Petworth, Sussex, and first recorded in about 1872.

 

Golden Delicious: Mid-season Dessert/Cooker

Introduced by Anderson Mullins from West Virginia, United States, where it is the official state fruit, in about 1850-1899.

 

Holstein Apple: Late Juicer

Excellent orange-yellow juice, fairly soft, with a slight pineapple flavour.

 

John Standish: Late Dessert

It is thought that John Standish of Ascot, Berkshire raised it in about 1873. Isaac House and Sons of Bristol exhibited it at an RHS Show in 1921 and it received an RHS Award of Merit in 1922.

 

 
 

Jonagold: Late Dessert

Raised in New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in 1943.
From Golden Delicious X Jonathan. It received a 1st Class Cert from RHS in 1987.

 

Katy: Early to Mid season Dessert, Cooker, Cider, Juicer

Parentage James Grieve x Worcester Pearmain originating from Sweden and introduced in 1947. Our tree was planted to commemorate the marriage of Prince William to Catherine Middleton in April 2011.

 

 
 

Keswick Codlin: Small early to mid-season cooker

Seedling originated from Ulverston in Cumbria and developed in the early 19th Century by John Sander of Keswick.

 

 
 

Kingston Black: Late-season Cider

First grown around Kingston St Mary, Somerset, where the locals referred to it as the "black apple". Introduced in the 19th century.
 

Laxton's Superb: Late Dessert

Raised in 1897 by Laxton Bros of Bedford from Wyken Pippin X Cox’s Orange Pippin.
1st Class Cert in 1921 from RHS.
Grown commercially today.
Laxtons Superb blossom

Lord Derby: Late Cooker

Raised in Stockport by Mr. Witham in 1862.
Grown commercially on a small scale.
 

Lord Lambourne: Mid Season Dessert.

Raised in 1907 by Messrs Laxton of Bedford.
From James Grieve X Worcester Pearmain.
Received an Award of Merit in 1925 from RHS.
 

Newton Wonder: Late Cooker

Raised by Mr Taylor of Kings Newton, Melbourne, Derbyshire.
From Dumelows Seedling X Blenheim Orange.
Received 1st Class Cert from RHS in 1897.
Newton wonder blossom

Orleans Reinette: Late Dessert

Originated in France, first described in 1776.
Received an Award of Merit from RHS in 1921.
 

Spartan: Late Dessert

Raised in 1926 by Mr R. C. Palmer at Dominion Experiment Station, Summerland, British Columbia, Canada.
From Mcintosh X Yellow Newtown Pippin.
Introduced in 1936 & grown commercially.

 

 
Spartan apple blossom

Sturmer Pippin: Very Late Dessert

Raised by Mr Dillistone of Sturmer Near Haverhill, Suffolk in 1827.
From Ribston Pippin X Nonpareil.
 
Sturmer Pippin blossom
RECENT PEAR PLANTINGS ON THE RIDGE

Beurre Superfin: Late-season Sweet Dessert/Cooker

Developed by M. Goubalt in 1837 in Angers, France.
 

Black Worcester: Needs long slow cooking

16th century pear endorsed by Elizabeth I and seen on the Worcestershire coat of arms.
 

Comice: Late Dessert

Raised at Comice Horticole, Angers, France in 1849.
One of the finest pears, it is grown commercially around the world.

 

 
pearlets

Concorde: Mid Season Dessert

Raised at East Malling Research Station, Maidstone, Kent in 1977.
From Comice X Conference. Grown commercially.

Conference: Dessert but can be used for cooked recipes

Found as a seedling in 1884 and developed by Thomas Riversand, it won first prize at the National British Pear Conference in London in 1885, hence its name.
 

Williams: Summer Dessert

Our tree was planted to commemorate the marriage of Prince William to Catherine Middleton in April 2011.

Winter Nelis: Late Dessert

Raised by Jean Charles Nelis at Malines early 19th century.

MISCELLANEOUS OTHER FRUIT TREES

Cherry: Stella: Mid-Late-Season Dessert

Originated in Canada 1950-1999 and given the RHS Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

 

 

 

Cherry Plum: Early-Season Dessert.

A European/Asian native often planted to provide a shelter belt for orchards. Sweet varieties are suitable for eating and sour varieties are better for jam-making.

 

 

 

Cherry Plum blossom

Damson:

Greengage:

 

Medlar:

Medlar blossom

 

medlar fruits

medlar bud
medlar fruit

Quince - Vranga:

 
Image of Quince blossom

Plum: Frampton Magnum: This plum from Frampton Cotterell in Gloucestershire sustained the local coal miners.

 
 
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